The transports from Turkey to CIS countries .

The transports from Turkey to CIS countries include the following countries:

  • transports to Kazakhstan
  • transports to Turkmenistan
  • transports to Kyrgyzstan
  • transports to Uzbekistan
  • transports to Tajikistan
  • transports to Russia
  • transports to Belarus
  • transports to Ukraine
  • transports to Moldova
  • transports to Georgia
  • transports to Azerbaijan
  • transports to Armenia.

Simplextrans has a number of logistic solutions which permit choosing the optimum means of transport when making shipments on routes between the aforementioned countries. These are:

  • Utilizing ferryboat routes: Varna (Bulgaria) – Batumi (Georgia), Derince (Turkey) – Chernomorsk (ex-Iliychevsk) (Ukraine), Varna (Bulgaria) –  Chernomorsk (ex-Iliychevsk) (Ukraine), Samsun (Turkey) – Kavkaz (Russia), Varna (Bulgaria) –  Kavkaz (Russia). In this case, the direct loading in CIS rail wagons (MPS) is made in Turkey (Derince, Samsun, Halkali stations) and Bulgaria (Varna). After this, the loaded rail wagons are transported on the ferry and sent to their destination station.
  • Transporting in Turkish / European rail wagons with the later transshipment of the shipment in CIS wagons at the border station Ungheni (Republic of Moldova) or Sarakhs Turkmenistan. Ungheni and Sarakhs train stations have the technical possibilities to transship the cargo from the European wagons to wide rail wagons, to make and complete the shipment documentation, to seal them and send them to the station of delivery.
  • Transporting by ship from Turkey to ports in the Ukraine, Russia, Georgia etc. with eventual transshipment to CIS railway wagons. This means of transportation is used in cases of large shipments. In this case, Simplextrans ensures the loading of the transport ship in one of the Turkish ports, makes the transshipment, completes the transport documents and then send the shipment by sea to one of the ports in the Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan or Russia. Here, the goods are transferred to a rail car or truck.
  • Transporting by trucks with transshipment in wagons in one of the train stations from Georgia. This solution is best suited when the merchandise is loaded in the eastern part of Turkey and has a destination like Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan. The merchandise will be transported from Turkey with lorries towards the stations Batumi, Poti, Vale or Akhaltsikhe from Georgia and once here it will be transferred to wagons. In this case, the Alyat (Baku)-Turkmenbashi ferry or the Alyat (Baku) -Aktau or Kuryk ferry will be used.
  • Transporting in containers by sea with transshipment on railway wagons. The empty container is placed at the disposal of the shipper at the loading point. The loaded container is then transported to one of the ports in Turkey where it is transferred to a ship and then sailed to the CIS port. Here, the container is offloaded off the ship and loaded on the rail flat train to reach its destination. In this case, the delivering of the shipment is made using the shipper’s containers, in the container of the maritime line or in the ones purchased in Turkey.
  • Transporting in containers by sea with transshipment of the cargo in CIS wagons or rail containers. The difference from the previous alternative is that in the CIS harbor the merchandise is offloaded from the container and transshipped to a CIS train car / container.
Means of transport Advantages Disadvantages
By ferry Varna (Bulgaria) – Batumi (Georgia), Derince (Turkey) – Chernomorsk (ex-Ilyichevsk) (Ukraine), Varna (Bulgaria) – Chernomorsk (ex-Ilyichevsk) (Ukraine), Samsun (Turkey) – Kavkaz (Russia), Varna (Bulgaria) –  Kavkaz (Russia)
  • The loading is made directly in CIS rail wagons and does not need transshipment which means avoiding possible deteriorations to the packaging or the merchandise itself
  • This alternative provides a good price in case the weight of the cargo per train car exceeds 50 tons
  • It offers the possibility of loading a wagon with more than 60 tons
  • It has a high price of transport in the case the total weight of the cargo is under 50 tons per train car
  • Because ferryboats don’t make trips often, the freight cars can spend a lot of time in the harbor waiting to be loaded on the ship which increases the transport time
  • Some problems may arise with insuring the train cars on time for their loading
  • The need to file the transit request 10 to 15 days in advance
The transport in Turkish rail wagons with transshipment to CIS wagons at Ungheni train station (Republic of Moldova) or Sarakhs (Turkmenistan)
  • Quick insurance of the train cars for loading
  • A good price in the case the weight of the cargo does not exceed 50 tons
  • A short duration of  transport time
  • The need to transship from Turkish wagons (TCDD) to CIS train cars may result in the deterioration of the packaging or the merchandise itself
  • The maximum weight limit is 51.5 tons in European train cars
By ship+ Wagons/trucks
  • In case of large shipments it is the cheapest means of transport, especially when great distances are involved (Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Russia etc.)
  • The possibility of transporting a large volume of cargo in a short time frame
  • The possibility of transporting cheaply loads that exceed standard weights
  • The need to transship to CIS wagons is linked to the possibility of deterioration of the packaging and the cargo itself
  • This means of transport is generally used only for large shipments
By lorry with transshipment to rail wagons at train stations in Batumi, Poti, Vale or Akhaltsikhe  in Georgia
  • The optimal price for exports from the eastern part of Turkey heading for Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan etc.
  • Minimal time frame for insuring the trucks for loading at the transporter’s warehouse
  • The existence of the necessary number of rail wagons in the train stations in Georgia
  • The need to transship to CIS wagons is linked to the possibility of deterioration of the packaging and the merchandise itself
Transporting by sea in containers with transshipment onto the rail flat wagons
  • The possibility of transporting the empty/full container for on loading/offloading directly at the shipper’s/consigner’s warehouse
  • The loading is done directly to the container and does not require transshipment, thus excluding possible deteriorations of packaging and/or the cargo
  • The possibility of transporting some smaller shipments in 20 foot containers
  • A long transfer time because of the waiting times to load the cargo on Turkish ships
Transporting in containers by sea with transshipment of the cargo to CIS train cars/containers
  • The possibility of transporting the empty container for direct loading that the transporter’s warehouse
  • The possibility of transporting some smaller shipments in 20 foot containers
  • Unlike the precious method, here there is no need to purchase the container (because the transport takes place in the containers of the maritime line)
  • A fairly long transport time because of the waiting times to load the cargo on Turkish ships
  • The need to transship to CIS rail wagons is linked to the possibility of deterioration of the packaging and the merchandise itself